215.741.4410 Two Convenient Locations in: Langhorne, PA

Oxford Valley Pain & Spine Center's Blog

Glossary of Pain Management Terms (I-Z)

MRI machine

Hyperalgesia: Increased sensitivity to pain or enhanced intensity of pain sensation.

Inflammation: A reaction of tissues to injury or disease. Symptoms include swelling, redness, heat, and pain.

Joint: The junction of two or more bones. The joint allows for varying degrees of motion between the bones.

Ligament: Fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone at or near a joint. The ligaments provide joint stability. Torn or sprained ligaments can cause pain

Lumbosacral: Relating to or near the small of the back and the back part of the pelvis between the hips.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): A diagnostic procedure that uses magnetic fields, radio waves, and a computer. It may be used to determine the source of pain.

Myelogram: X-ray procedure where a dye is injected into the spinal canal to determine the nerve roots.

Nerve block: The injection of a nerve-numbing substance into a group of nerves.

Neuropathic: A nerve-related condition.

NSAIDs: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These help to reduce inflammation and manage pain. NSAIDs are available over-the-counter and through a prescription.

Palliative care: Palliative care (also known as comfort care) aims to offer relief to chronically or terminally ill people through pain management and symptom management.

Pharmacotherapy: Medication-based therapy

Physical modalities: Physical methods, such as heat, cold, massage or exercise, used to relieve pain.

Prosthesis: An artificial replacement of a body part. The goal of a prosthesis is to mimic natural form and function.

Psychological approaches: Techniques or therapies used instead of or in addition to medication to help you manage your pain. The focus is on the emotional triggers of pain. Examples of this approach include biofeedback, relaxation, stress management and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Rehabilitation: Treatment plan used to help you regain function or relieve pain caused by an injury. Exercise is often a key component.

Tolerance: When the initial dose of a substance loses its effectiveness over time.

Yoga: Complementary medical technique. It exercises the mind and body with meditation, postures, and breathing techniques that can help manage pain Stretching is a key component.


The information contained in this blog is for educational purposes only. This blog does not create a doctor/patient relationship. If you have any pain problems or questions,  please call our office in Langhorne, Bucks County, PA at 215.741.7031.

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Our pain management doctors help patients in Bristol, Langhorne, Levittown, Newtown, Richboro, Doylestown, Philadelphia and many other places in or near Bucks County, Mercer County, and Montgomery County. We can be reached at 215.741.7031




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